Labour rights are Human rights

Restrictive Labour Laws directory


Title Jurisdiction Type of Legislation Datesort ascending

Public Sector Services Continuation Act (Bill 45, December)

This legislation places further restrictions on over 100,000 unionized public sector workers in Alberta who are already denied the right to strike.  It broadens the definition of strike to include"any slowdown or any activity that has the effect restricting or disrupting production or services."  It introduces for the first time in Canada, a vague legal concept of "strke threat" which makes it illegal to canvass the opinion of employees "to determine if they wish to strike", or freely express a view which calls for or supports stike action.  Bill 45 also imposes huge punitive fines on unions, their members and citizens who encourage or support an "illegal Stike or a "strike threat". 

NOTE: On March 31, 2015, the Alberta government repealed Bill 4.

Coincidently, only a few days before that the ILO issued a stinging rebuke to the government of Alberta over Bill 45, in response to a complaint the National Union of Public and General Employees (NUPGE) filed in February 2014 with the ILO Committee on Freedom of Association against Bill 45.  On April 2, Alberta Court of Queen's Bench ruled that those legislation sections denying public sector workers the right to strike in both the Labour Relations Code and the Public Service Employee Relations Act violate the Charter.  The ruling was definitely influenced by the January 30th Supreme Court of Canada decision in SFL v. Saskatchewan. The Court has given the Alberta government a year to make changes that are in accordance with the Charter. 

Alberta Restrictions on scope of bargaining December 2013

Economic Action Plan 2013 Act (Bill C-60, June)

A section of this omnibus 2013 budget gives the federal cabinet the explicit power to give Crown corporations orders as to how they should negotiate with employees, both unionized and non-unionized, and would give the government the power to have a Treasury Board official sit in on collective bargaining sessions at Crown corporations.

Federal Government Restrictions on scope of bargaining July 2013

An Act respecting the resumption of work in the construction industry (Bill 54, July)

The legislation ended a two week strike by 77,000 construction workers in Quebec and imposed a one year agreement with a wage increase of two per cent.

Quebec Back to work - settlement imposed July 2013

Ambulance Services Continuation Act (Bill No. 86, July)

The legislation averted a pending strike by ambulance workers taking away their right to strike and forcing the dispute to final selection offer arbitration.  The two sides will now have to submit their final offers and the arbitrator will choose one option within 90 days of their appointment.

Nova Scotia Back to work - dispute sent to arbitration July 2013

Saskatchewan Employment Act (Bill 85, May)

The Act is a sweeping re-write of Saskatchewan’s labour laws, including the Trade Union Act, the Labour Standards Act, the Occupational Health and Safety Act, the Health Labour Relations Reorganization Act and the Construction Industry Labour Relations Act.  In total, 33 pieces of legislation were repealed and/or amended.

Among the changes, the legislation:

  • dramatically increases the number of employees who are not eligible for union membership by declaring their job duties 'confidential;
  • imposes a separate bargaining unit for supervisors;
  • encourages ‘carve-out’ raids that will allow for the break up existing unions into small fragments;
  • allows for decertification attempts anytime after the first 24 months of a certification order;
  • imposes increased restrictions on the bargaining process, such as a 14-day cooling off period before strike or lockout can occur and 48-hour strike notice must be provided.
  • allows an employer to identify any of its offers — including its first — as a ‘final offer’, and force a union vote on it; and
  • weakens workers' rights to reasonable work hours, overtime pay, meal breaks and weekends off.

Saskatchewan Restrictions on scope of bargaining May 2013

Putting Students First Act, 2012 (Bill 115, September)

The Act amends the Education Act requiring collective agreements between School Boards and employees to freeze all forms of compensation for a two year period reeze beginning September 1 and eliminate the accumulation of sick leave credits after August 31, 2012.  The legislation is a pre-emptive piece of ‘back to work’ law before there is any  real threat of strike or lockout and without providing for independent binding arbitration.  It gives the Minister of Education unprecedented powers, including the right to restrict strikes and lockouts and impose terms into collective agreements at any time.  Bill 115 was repealed January 23, 2013, but the effects of the legislation still remain in effect. 

Ontario Suspension of bargaining rights September 2012

An Act to Amend the Public Service Collective Bargaining Act, 2012 (Bill 38, June)

The Act permits the government to have the Labour Relations Board submit the final offer of government, as the employer, to a vote of bargaining unit members.  The amendment can create a situation where the union has spent weeks going through a democratic process to get a strike vote from the membership, only to find the government forcing members to vote again, bargaining unit by bargaining unit. 

Newfoundland and Labrador Restrictions on scope of bargaining June 2012

An Act to provide for the continuation and resumption of rail service operations, 2012 (Bill C-39, May)

The Act ended a six-day strike between CP Rail and its 4,800 employers represented by the Teamsters. It also imposed high fines for non-compliance, and conferred on the Minister of Labour the unilateral right to select the arbitrator to settle remaining issues in dispute while prohibiting the right of the parties to challenge the selection.

Federal Government May 2012

An Act to provide for the continuation and resumption of air service operations, 2012 (Bill C-33, March)

This legislation substantially interfered in the collective bargaining process between Air Canada and its 8,200 technical, maintenance and operational support employees represented by the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAMAW) and the airline’s 3,000 pilots represented by the Air Canada Pilots Association (ACPA). The legislation prevented both unions from taking strike action and sent both disputes to a bias arbitration process.

Federal Government Back to work - settlement imposed March 2012

Education Improvement Act, 2012 (Bill 22, March)

The legislation took away the right to strike from BC’s 41,000 public school teachers, imposed a wage freeze and sent remaining unresolved issues to a government-appointed “mediator” who was mandated to operate under a narrow government mandate focused on employer concessions. The legislation also re-introduced parts of Bills 27 and 28 passed by the Liberal government in 2001, which prohibited bargaining on class size, class composition and the ratios of teachers to students. In April 2011, the BC Supreme Court ruled that those sections of Bills 27 and 28 were unconstitutional and in breach of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

British Columbia Restrictions on scope of bargaining March 2012


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