Restrictive Labour Laws

Labour Rights Under Attack

230 Restrictive labour laws

In the past three decades Canadians have seen a serious erosion of a fundamental and universal human right, their right to organize into a union and engage in full and free collective bargaining.  Federal and provincial governments have passed numerous labour laws since 1982 that have restricted, suspended or denied collective bargaining rights for Canadian workers.

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Title Jurisdiction Type of Legislation Datesort descending

Public Sector Restraint Amendment Act, 1992 (Bill 64, December)

The Act eliminated the ceiling on wage increases to public sector employees in the last year of the controls set out in Bill 17 (see above) and nullified negotiated wage increases scheduled to come into effect at the end of the control period.

Newfoundland and Labrador Suspension of bargaining rights December 1992

Government Expenditure Restraint Act, 1993 (Bill C-113, April)

The  Act  extended  the wage  freeze for federal public service employees and suspended collective bargaining for a further two years beyond the one-year suspension contained in the Public Sector Compensation Act, 1991.

Federal Government Suspension of bargaining rights April 1993

Public Sector Reduced Workweek and Compensation Management Act, 1993 (Bill 22, April)

The Act reduced annual compensation of all public employees by approximately four percent per year during the term of existing collective agreements by forcing them to take mandatory layoffs of up to a maximum of 15 days. 

Ontario Suspension of bargaining rights April 1993

Public Sector Reduced Workweek and Compensation Management Act, 1993 (Bill 22, April)

The Act reduced annual compensation of all public employees by approximately four percent per year during the term of existing collective agreements by forcing them to take mandatory layoffs of up to a maximum of 15 days. This legislation was the subject of a complaint to the ILO

Manitoba Suspension of bargaining rights April 1993

Education Programs Continuation Act, 1993 (Bill 31, May)

The Act ended a strike by the Vancouver Teachers' Federation in May 1993 and provided that a new collective agreement be determined by interest arbitration.

British Columbia Back to work - dispute sent to arbitration May 1993

An Act respecting the conditions of employment in the public sector and the municipal sector, 1993 (Bill 102, June)

The Act imposed a two-year wage freeze on public sector and municipal employees and compelled employees to take leave days equivalent to one percent of salary.

Quebec Suspension of bargaining rights June 1993

Social Contract Act, 1993 (Bill 48, July)

The Act provided for compensation reduction targets to be reached through eight sector-wide agreements covering all public sector workers in the province.  Where agreements were not reached, employees earning over $30,000 per year were required to take unpaid leave days, equivalent to a 4.6 percent annual wage rollback; a three-year wage freeze was also imposed.  

Ontario Suspension of bargaining rights July 1993

Lambton County Board of Education and Teachers Dispute Settlement Act, 1993 (Bill 109, October)

The Act ended a strike by secondary school teachers, ordered the parties to resume negotiations and made provision for teachers to vote on the employer’s  final offer if an agreement was not reached, failing which the Minister could take further steps to resolve the dispute.

Ontario Back to work - settlement imposed October 1993

Public Sector Unpaid Leave Act, 1993 (Bill 41, November)

The Act required government and other public sector employees to take mandatory unpaid leave equivalent to a two percent reduction in annual salary. 

Nova Scotia Suspension of bargaining rights November 1993

East Parry Sound Board of Education and Teachers Dispute Settlement Act, 1993 (Bill 128, November)

The Act ended a strike of elementary school teachers, extended the expired collective agreement and referred outstanding matters to a board of arbitration to develop a new three-year collective agreement.

Ontario Back to work - dispute sent to arbitration November 1993

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